highlights of letairis history

• More than 35,000 patients*1

• Over a decade of clinical experience*


2002–2006

Phase II and Phase III Studies1

2008

ARIES-1 & ARIES-2 Publication3

2013

Removal of REMS Requirement for Males

Grade I-A Treatment Recommendation for Monotherapy‡10







2009

AMB-222 Study Publication6

Grade A Treatment Recommendation for Monotherapy†7

ARIES-E 2-Year Follow-up Publication8

2012

Update to Safety Profile

Addition of ARIES-E 3-Year Follow-up Data
*More than 35,000 patients have been prescribed Letairis since July 9, 2007. Based on LEAP database March 2017.1
†Based on PAH Evidence-Based Treatment Algorithm developed at the 4th World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension (February 2008), reflecting expert consensus on the available clinical data.13
‡Based on PAH Evidence-Based Treatment Algorithm developed at the 5th World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension (February 2013), reflecting expert consensus on the available clinical data. 14
§Based on 2015 ESC/ERS guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Class I Recommendation: Evidence and/or general agreement that a given treatment or procedure is beneficial, useful, effective; is recommended/is indicated. Level of Evidence B: Data derived from a single randomized clinical trial or large non-randomized studies.11
Review the AMBITION trial View Safety Information View the ESC/ERS guidelines

Important Safety Information & Indication

BOXED WARNING: EMBRYO-FETAL TOXICITY

  • Do not administer Letairis to a pregnant female because it may cause fetal harm. Letairis is very likely to produce serious birth defects if used by pregnant females, as this effect has been seen consistently when it is administered to animals
  • Exclude pregnancy before the initiation of treatment with Letairis. Females of reproductive potential must use acceptable methods of contraception during treatment with Letairis and for one month after treatment. Obtain monthly pregnancy tests during treatment and 1 month after discontinuation of treatment
  • Because of the risk of embryo-fetal toxicity, females can only receive Letairis through a restricted program called the Letairis REMS program

Contraindications

  • Pregnancy: Letairis can cause fetal harm
  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), including IPF patients with pulmonary hypertension (WHO Group 3)

Warnings and Precautions

  • Embryo-fetal toxicity and Letairis REMS Program requirements:
    • Prescribers must be certified with the program by enrolling in and completing training
    • All female patients, regardless of reproductive potential, must enroll in the Letairis REMS Program
    • Male patients are not enrolled in the program
    • Pharmacies must be certified with the program and must dispense to female patients who are authorized to receive Letairis

    Further information is available at www.letairisrems.com or 1-866-664-5327.

  • Peripheral edema: Peripheral edema is a known class effect of endothelin receptor antagonists, and is also a clinical consequence of PAH and worsening PAH. Further evaluate patients who develop clinically significant fluid retention to determine the cause and possible need for edema treatment or to discontinue Letairis. In clinical studies, peripheral edema was more common with Letairis than with placebo (most edema was mild to moderate in severity); and with Letairis plus tadalafil than with either drug alone. There have also been postmarketing reports of fluid retention occurring within weeks after starting Letairis that required a diuretic, fluid management, or hospitalization for decompensating heart failure
  • Pulmonary edema with pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD): Consider PVOD in patients who develop acute pulmonary edema during Letairis initiation and discontinue Letairis if PVOD is confirmed
  • Decreased sperm counts have been observed in patients taking endothelin receptor antagonists and in animal fertility studies with ambrisentan. Counsel patients about potential effects on fertility
  • Hematologic changes: Measure hemoglobin prior to initiation of Letairis, at 1 month, and periodically thereafter. Letairis initiation is not recommended for patients with clinically significant anemia. Consider discontinuing Letairis if clinically significant decreases in hemoglobin occur and other causes have been excluded. Decreases in hemoglobin and hematocrit have been observed within the first few weeks of Letairis treatment, which may persist during treatment. There have also been postmarketing reports of anemia requiring transfusion

Adverse Reactions

  • Most common adverse reactions when used as monotherapy compared to placebo were peripheral edema (17% vs 11%), nasal congestion (6% vs 2%), sinusitis (3% vs 0%) and flushing (4% vs 1%)
  • Most common adverse reactions in combination with tadalafil compared to Letairis or tadalafil monotherapy were peripheral edema (45% vs 38% or 28%), headache (41% vs 34% or 35%), nasal congestion (19% vs 16% or 11%), cough (18% vs 13% or 16%), anemia (15% vs 7% or 11%), dyspepsia (11% vs 3% or 12%), and bronchitis (10% vs 4% or 9%)

Drug Interactions

  • Cyclosporine increases ambrisentan exposure by 2-fold, limit Letairis to 5 mg once daily

Use in Specific Populations

  • Breastfeeding: Choose Letairis or breastfeeding
  • Hepatic impairment: Letairis is not recommended in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment. Fully investigate cause of liver injury in patients who develop hepatic impairment; discontinue Letairis if liver aminotransferases are >5x ULN or if elevations are accompanied by bilirubin >2x ULN, or by signs or symptoms of liver dysfunction and other causes are excluded

Dosage and Administration

  • Adult dosage: Initiate Letairis 5 mg once daily, with or without tadalafil 20 mg once daily. At 4-week intervals, consider either increasing to Letairis 10 mg or tadalafil 40 mg. Do not split, crush, or chew tablets
  • Pregnancy testing: Initiate Letairis in females of reproductive potential only after a negative pregnancy test. Obtain monthly pregnancy tests during treatment

Indication

Letairis is indicated for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (WHO Group 1) to improve exercise ability and delay clinical worsening; and in combination with tadalafil to reduce the risks of disease progression and hospitalization for worsening PAH, and to improve exercise ability. Studies establishing effectiveness included predominantly patients with WHO Functional Class II–III symptoms and etiologies of idiopathic or heritable PAH (60%) or PAH associated with connective tissue diseases (34%).

Letairis is indicated for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (WHO Group 1) in combination with tadalafil to reduce the risks of disease progression and hospitalization for worsening PAH, and to improve exercise ability. The study establishing effectiveness included predominantly patients with WHO Functional Class II–III symptoms and etiologies of idiopathic or heritable PAH (58%) or PAH associated with connective tissue diseases (36%).1

Letairis is indicated for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (WHO Group 1) to improve exercise ability and delay clinical worsening. Studies establishing effectiveness included predominantly patients with WHO Functional Class II–III symptoms and etiologies of idiopathic or heritable PAH (64%) or PAH associated with connective tissue diseases (32%).

Please click to view full Prescribing Information, including BOXED WARNING.


References: 1. Data on file. Gilead Sciences, Inc. 2. Letairis [package insert]. Foster City, CA: Gilead Sciences, Inc.; October 2015. 3. Galiè N, Olschewski H, Oudiz RJ, et al; for the Ambrisentan in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter, Efficacy Studies (ARIES) Group. Ambrisentan for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension: results of the Ambrisentan in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter, Efficacy (ARIES) Study 1 and 2. Circulation. 2008;117(23):3010-3019. 4. Humbert M, Sitbon O, Chaouat A, et al. Pulmonary arterial hypertension in France: results from a national registry. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006;173(9):1023-1030. 5. Thenappan T, Shah SJ, Rich S, Gomberg-Maitland M. A USA-based registry for pulmonary arterial hypertension: 1982-2006. Eur Respir J. 2007;30(6):1103-1110. 6. McGoon MD, Frost AE, Oudiz RJ, et al. Ambrisentan therapy in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension who discontinued bosentan or sitaxsentan due to liver function test abnormalities. Chest. 2009;135(1):122-129. 7. Barst RJ, Gibbs JSR, Ghofrani HA, et al. Updated evidence-based treatment algorithm in pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009;54(1, suppl S):S78-S84. 8. Oudiz RJ, Galiè N, Olschewski H, et al; for the ARIES Study Group. Long-term ambrisentan therapy for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009;54(21):1971-1981. 9. Venitz J, Zack J, Gillies H, Allard M, Regnault J, Dufton C. Clinical pharmacokinetics and drug-drug interactions of endothelin receptor antagonists in pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Clin Pharmacol. 2012;52(12):1784-1805. 10. Galiè N, Corris PA, Frost A, et al. Updated treatment algorithm of pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013;62(25, suppl D):D60-D72. 11. Galiè N, Humbert M, Vachiery JL, et al. 2015 ESC/ERS Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension: The Joint Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS). Eur Respir J. 2015;46:903-975. 12. Galiè N, Barberà JA, Frost AE, et al; AMBITION Investigators. Initial use of ambrisentan plus tadalafil in pulmonary arterial hypertension. N Engl J Med. 2015;373(9):834-844. 13. Humbert M, McLaughlin VV. The 4th World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension: introduction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009;54(1, suppl S):S1-S2. 14. Galiè N, Simonneau G. The Fifth World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013;62(25, suppl D):D1-D3.

Important Safety Information & Indication